Israel must destroy everything about the stronger foes completely. No inter marrying and do not worship at their altars. Don’t even use the gold and silver left over from the idols. The meaning of the word hornet here is uncertain, possibly it means a plague. In v 21 they are told to destroy the kings one at a time lest the wilderness overtake them. Canaan refers to the area of Phoenicia and Egypt rules this area for 5 centuries. Possibly this explains the Hebrew story of being under Egypt and they ran into the desert to escape. The Hebrew people were sent into the wilderness to preserve their uniqueness and their civilization. Then when they were ready they came back to wipe out the other tribes. Does God change asks bill, Paul Tillich says the answer is Jesus. The Muslims believe all that happens is always caused or allowed by God. Jesus says only if you exceed the righteousness of the Pharisees and the Sadducees, can you come to heaven. Gene says I am lost. But bill says the righteousness of Pharisees is self righteous and hence you can easily exceed them. Our perception of God changes, from one who punished us for falling short, to a view that I can’t do enough but have the promise of God to save us despite our failures.